What is iron deficiency anemia in babies and how to prevent it.

What is iron deficiency anemia in babies

Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional anemia in the world that affects individuals in both developed and developing countries including Malaysia.

This is because the underlying cause is a lack of iron in the body, which leads to a type of small cell hyperpigmentation anemia, which occurs when hemoglobin synthesis is reduced.

In addition to clinical anemia, it can also reduce the biological activity of many iron-containing enzymes due to iron deficiency, which can affect cell metabolic function.

This causes the body to have gastrointestinal dysfunction, circulatory dysfunction, immunological dysfunction, neurological symptoms and skin Mucosal lesions and other non-blood system performances are more harmful to the baby’s health, so parents must be alert. If the baby has symptoms of iron deficiency anemia, it must be treated in time!

Causes of baby iron deficiency anemia

One is caused by iron deficiency during the mother’s pregnancy. The baby after birth suffers from congenital iron-deficiency anemia, which is caused by insufficient iron nutrition supply of pregnant women.

The second is the lack of baby red blood cells. Premature umbilical cord ligation at birth leads to anemia due to insufficient red blood cells. Premature ligation of the umbilical cord in children has a higher anemia rate, and delayed ligation is beneficial to prevent anemia in children.

The third is genetic motherhood. Hereditary diseases have congenital anemia, and the blood cells themselves have problems.

 Babies iron deficiencies

The onset is mostly from 6 months to 3 years old, most of them have a slow onset, and most of them are not noticed by parents. At the time of treatment, most of the sick children have moderate anemia. 

The mild symptoms depend on the degree of anemia and the speed of occurrence and development of anemia. At first, there is often irritability or lack of energy, no activity, loss of appetite, and skin and mucous membranes become pale, most notably lips, oral mucosa, nail bed, and palms.

How to prevent baby iron deficiency anemia

  1. During pregnancy and breastfeeding, mothers need to consume enough iron.

Mothers eat more foods with high iron content during pregnancy and lactation, such as animal liver, lean meat, green leafy vegetables, algae and fish. Eat some fresh fruits after a meal, and often check hemoglobin, treat as soon as possible when anemia is found.

2. Promote breastfeeding.

The iron content in breast milk is higher than that of milk, and the absorption rate of iron is significantly greater than that of milk. Breast milk is 50% and milk is only 10%. After 4 months of age, the baby should gradually add vegetable puree, liver puree, meat puree, fish puree and biscuits, bread, rice noodles and other fortified iron foods according to the age of the month.

3. Note the iron absorption rate.

Increase the effective intake of iron present in animal foods such as meat, fish, liver, etc. Most of them are heme irons, which are easily absorbed and utilized by the human body. The absorption rate reaches 10% to 25%, while those found in plant foods Iron belongs to non-heme iron, and its absorption rate is only 1%.

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