What is a placenta previa? How should expectant mothers deal with it calmly?

This is a serious complication of pregnancy, and placenta previa is one of the main causes of vaginal bleeding in late pregnancy. So what is the placenta previa? How should expectant mothers deal with it calmly?

Placenta previa

The placenta previa refers to the placenta attached to the lower part of the uterus, and the lower edge of the placenta reaches or covers the inner cervix.

Generally can be divided into three types:

1. Complete placenta previa:

The placenta completely covers the cervix.

2. Partial placenta previa:

The placenta covers part of the cervix.

3. Marginal placenta previa:

The edge of the placenta just reaches the cervix but does not covers it.

Common symptoms of placenta previa:

The most common symptom is bleeding, different types of placenta previa have different bleeding times.

Complete placenta previa:

It started to bleed about 28 weeks of pregnancy. Sometimes a large amount of bleeding can cause the patient to have a hypovolemic shock.

Marginal placenta previa:

The first bleeding usually occurs during the 37th to 40th week of pregnancy or after labour, and the amount is relatively lesser compared with other types of placenta praevia.

Partial placenta previa:

The initial bleeding time and the amount of bleeding are between the above two.

How to deal with placenta previa?

1. Try to lean on your left side while sleeping and reduce the amount of exercise to reduce the chance of bleeding.

2. Stay relaxed and don’t over-stress

3. It is better to avoid sexual activity to prevent bleeding.

4. It is best to choose a large hospital or medical centre for an antenatal check-up. If there is any emergency condition, you can deliver your baby in that hospital immediately.

5. Compliant to your ultrasound examination and monitor your conditions regularly.

6. If you have vaginal bleeding, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. When there are symptoms of bleeding, you should see a doctor immediately regardless of the amount of bleeding. If you are visiting a new doctor, you should also tell the doctor about your problem of placenta previa.

7. If you experience uterine contraction, you need to be hospitalized immediately and the doctor will examine you to determine the need for a caesarean section.

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