Nutritional Supplement Schedule During Pregnancy & Nutritional Myths
The nutritional status of pregnant mothers plays a vital role in the development of the fetus, especially in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy. This is because the developmental status of the fetus is different, and the required nutrients are also different.
The following is a nutrition supplement timetable during pregnancy, all pregnant mothers should take a good look!
Early pregnancy (pregnancy 0-13 week)
In the first trimester, it should be noted that you need vitamin B6 and folic because vitamin B6 can help pregnant mothers regulate physiological functions and secrete hormones. The intake of vitamin B6 and Folic acid is enough to reduce the risk of fetal spina bifida, neural tube defects and abnormalities in fetal nervous organs at critical stages of development.
Mid-to-late pregnancy (14 weeks of pregnancy-end of pregnancy)
From the second trimester, the development of the fetal brain, liver, and bones has gradually accelerated. Therefore, pregnant mothers should continue to increase the intake of various vitamins and minerals on the basis of early pregnancy to meet their own and fetal development needs.
Myths on nutritional supplements during pregnancy
Myth 1: You cannot overdose of vitamins
Excessive use of vitamins may cause fetal health damage, especially during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. For example, excessive intake of vitamin A can cause birth defects, skeletal deformities, and urogenital system defects.
Myth 2: The more nutritional supplements during pregnancy, the better
If the supplements are excessive, they will easily lead to over nutrition, and the risk of pregnant mothers suffering from gestational diabetes and pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome will also increase.
Myth 3: Blindly choose of nutritional products during pregnancy
Blindly taking various nutritional products is detrimental to the health of mothers and the fetus. When choosing nutrition during pregnancy, do not blindly pursue imports, but choose a nutrition that suits your body and can meet the nutritional needs of the fetus at different stages of development.
Precautions for nutritional supplements during pregnancy
- Do not over consume folic acid
Folic acid overdose, the pregnant mothers may experience symptoms such as nausea, bloating, and loss of appetite. . Therefore, the daily dosage of folic acid supplementation for pregnant mothers should be controlled at 0.4 mg, and others can be supplemented through food.
- Nutritional intake should not be too late
Malnutrition during pregnancy can also affect fetal development, with low birth weight, premature babies and children under gestational age, impaired brain development or congenital malformations, and increased perinatal neonatal mortality.
- Diet should not be too fine
Pregnant mothers should pay attention not to eat refined foods such as polished rice and noodles. They should also eat more coarse grains and properly adjust the diet structure to ensure balanced nutrition and avoid the lack of nutrients during pregnancy.