Strabismus refers to eyes that cannot look at an object at the same time because the positions of the two eyes are asymmetric. A slight strabismus is not easy to detect, but can hinder communication as the person is squinting. Serious strabismus may cause someone to have crossed eyes.
Is strabismus inherited?
It may happen in some families as the father, daughter or son have squints. If the parents have strabismus, the probability of children getting it is higher, and it will be inherited from generation to generation. If the father has strabismus, the son may not have strabismus, but the daughter might have a slight gene for strabismus. So, if you marry someone who has strabismus, there is a chance of heredity.
Strabismus mostly happens to children as they tend to tilt their heads when reading books or watching TV. The two eyes are focused towards the bridge of the nose, which greatly affects the image. If the child has esotropia (internal strabismus) but does not undergo corrective surgery, it is inevitable that the child will have an inferiority complex when he grows up, and he will not be able to see things clearly, which is bad.
Exotropia happens when the two eyes are imbalanced and annotate a target at the same time. When communicating with someone with exotropia, you would perceive the person as being disrespectful as he is not focusing at you. Another rare short-sightedness is intermittent exotropia.
- Aneurological or anatomical defect that messes with the normal control and function of the eye muscles.
- Abnormal development of the binocular system in the brain.
- Family history of strabismus.
Doing eye exercises, looking far and observing green plants are good for your eyesight. You may be wondering how to help your child with strabismus, or whether a correction surgery is suitable.
Besides surgery, strabismus can be corrected by wearing full correction glasses. Surgery is best to be done when the child is between one and a half to two years old.
Managing intermittent exotropia
Children with intermittent exotropia commonly close or squint one eye at times, especially when they are exposed to bright sunlight. The exact reason people with intermittent exotropia close one eye in bright light remains unknown. In any case, when the eye is closed, the child cannot use both eyes together. Common treatments include surgery and corrective glasses. If it is corrected by surgery, the best results are obtained when the child is between one and a half to two years old. Generally, corrective glasses will be recommended.