Fetal Growth Retardation: Causes, Symptoms, Hazards & Cure

The healthy and steady growth of the fetus is important to determine the birth of a healthy baby. But don’t worry Mamas, mild growth retardation can be easily cured with proper care and nutrition.

Do continue reading and share this article to other Mamas..

Causes of fetal growth retardation

1.Maternal genetic factors

The genetic factors of the pregnant mother are the most important, especially the weight before pregnancy, the age of pregnancy and the parity. 

2. Intrauterine infection

Congenital malformations and fetal infection such as rubella virus, herpes simplex virus   also can cause intrauterine growth retardation.

3.Abnormal placenta umbilical cord

Placenta infarction, placental insufficiency, and the umbilical cord is too long and too thin during pregnancy, can cause fetal retardation.

Symptoms of fetal growth retardation

Endogenous well-balanced developmental delay performance

This symptom is mainly caused by congenital or chromosomal lesions, which is manifested as fetal weight, head diameter, and height, but is lower than the normal average of gestational weeks.

Exogenous asymmetrical growth retardation

This symptom is usually obvious in the second and third trimesters, that is, the baby’s height and head circumference are not affected, but the weight is lighter. The common causes are advanced birth, abnormal placental attachment, and pregnancy-induced hypertension.

The symptomatic growth retardation of external cause

This symptom is a mixed type of the above two types, which is caused by the lack of nutrients such as folic acid and amino acids supplemented by pregnant mothers, which can affect the entire pregnancy. 

The hazards of fetal growth retardation

  1. Low birth weight

At different stages of development, if the required nutrients are not met, they will develop low birth weight and their growth rate after birth will be slower

2. Premature babies and babies less than gestational age

There is a high chance of becoming a premature baby or a child of less than gestational age at birth .

3.Increased neonatal mortality rate during the perinatal period

Intrauterine growth retarded fetal organs are underdeveloped, their blood oxygen levels are not up to normal, their survivability is weak, and perinatal mortality will increase.

4.Impaired brain development or congenital malformations

Intrauterine growth retardation is also likely to cause brain development damage and congenital malformations.

What to do if the fetus is stunted

Pregnant mothers already know that the requirements for nutritional intake during pregnancy are extremely high at different stages of baby’s development.

  1. Nutrition supplement in stages

In the first trimester of pregnancy, although the baby’s growth rate is relatively slow, the nervous system, brain, internal organs, and spinal nerves have begun to develop. By the second and third trimester, the baby’s lungs and brain have entered a period of rapid development.

2. Strengthen fetal monitoring

Fetal treasure is stunted, and additional monitoring is needed to avoid other abnormalities. It is best to observe fetal movement every three days, fetal heart rate monitoring and ultrasonic monitoring once a week.

3. Vitamin supplement

Vitamins are a very important part of the nutrition required during pregnancy. However, excessive intake of vitamin can cause adverse side affects, such as  excessive intake of vitamin C can cause miscarriage.

4. Change bad habits

The pregnant mothers with bad habits should completely change the bad habits such as smoking and drinking.

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