Bleeding Gums During Pregnancy
Many pregnant women experience bleeding gums throughout their pregnancy. Bleeding gums, also known as Gingivitis, can start even in the first trimester as an early sign of pregnancy, while some mothers will only notice it during the second trimester. This also gets worse in your third trimester because that is when your gum sensitivity and bleeding peak. Here is what you should know about bleeding gums as a pregnant mother.
What Causes Bleeding Gum During Pregnancy
As your estrogen and progesterone (hormone) levels increase during your pregnancy, it will also cause an increase in blood flow to your gum. This results in sensitive gums that bleed easily.
- Pregnancy Cravings
Studies show that pregnant mothers are more likely to have cravings for carbs, fast food, and sweet desserts during pregnancy. This could potentially lead to forming more plaque, resulting in bleeding gums.
- Morning Sickness
If you are suffering from morning sickness, you are also more likely to have gingivitis. This is because the acid from your stomach may soften the enamel layer of your teeth, leading to faster tooth decay and sensitive gums.
Complications of Bleeding Gum During Pregnancy
Bleeding gums during pregnancy and in general is a fairly mild form of gum disease. However, you should see your dentist to prevent it from worsening into periodontitis which is a more serious gum disease that can destroy the bone that supports your teeth. Past studies have also found that periodontitis increases the risk of premature birth, preeclampsia, and low birth weight.
Bleeding Gum Treatments
- Brush Your Teeth
Brush your teeth gently, twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush. This will help to reduce your plague without irritating your gums.
- Floss Your Teeth
Flossing is important to remove the food that gets stuck between your teeth. Sometimes, it also helps to reach food particles that your toothbrush cannot.
- Reduce Your Sugar Intake
Excess sugar is commonly associated with tooth decay and oral health problems. If you are craving sweet stuff, snack on fruits which are better for your health instead.
- Take Your Vitamins
You must have enough nutrition and vitamins for a healthy baby. Vitamins are also good for you – Vitamin C is beneficial for your gums, while Calcium will help maintain your teeth and bones. These are the vitamins commonly found in your prenatal vitamins too.
- Go for Dental Checkups
Regular dental visits are important, especially if you are already suffering from bleeding and sensitive gums. Your dentist will be able to assess your condition and advise you accordingly. Do let your dentist know that you are pregnant, so they will avoid X-rays and other dental works that might harm your baby. Your dentists might also propose to have continuous dental cleanings to keep your gums clean.
Bleeding gums are not a major concern during your pregnancy, and your gums should be less sensitive and return to normal after childbirth. Do keep up with your oral care during and after your pregnancy to keep your baby healthy, and reduce the chances of having complications.
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